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30.04 14:38 - The Syrian War: Spillover Effects on Lebanon
Автор: davidhill Категория: Новини   
Прочетен: 15 Коментари: 0 Гласове:
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 Nowhere have the spillover effects of the overlapping domestic, regional and international war for Syria proved more devastating than in Lebanon.1 Whether in terms of increased sectarian agitation and violence, refugee flows, the mushrooming of local and transnational Salafi-jihadi cells, or the matrix of regional and international actors involved, the Syrian war has placed new economic, social, political and security strains on an already over-stretched Lebanese system. The metrics alone are astounding.

As of winter 2017, the number of officially registered Syrian refugees in Lebanon was 1,011,366.2 The Lebanese government estimates that nearly half a million additional refugees are not registered with UN agencies, bringing the total to a quarter of the Lebanese population.3The World Bank calculates that the financial and economic costs of this refugee population amounts to some $4.5 billion per year.4 These socioeconomic and fiscal pressures compound Lebanon's security conditions. Small crimes have increased by more than 60 percent since 2011; Syrians make up 26 percent of Lebanon's prison population; and human trafficking of Syrian and Palestinian refugees in Lebanon is commonplace.5 The war has also intensified the domestic and regional political struggle over post-Syria Lebanon and the crisis of postwar power sharing.

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Автор: davidhill
Категория: Бизнес
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